Thursday, September 29, 2005

47% migrants to city from outside state

47% migrants to city from outside state
The Times of India

New Delhi: Bangalore’s software boom has heralded a surge in migrants heading for the city. The result: over a quarter of migrants from outside Karnataka are those who have shifted base to the city from 1996-2001, the latest five-year period for which data is available.

The city with 5.7 million population received over 7.6 lakh migrants in 1 9 9 1 - 2 0 0 1 , constituting 13.4% of its total population. Of these, about a quarter million people, a little over 47%, have come from outside Karnataka. Bangalore’s total migrant population as of 2001 was 2.09 million — a little less than the total migrant influx in Delhi or Mumbai over the past decade — of which about 39% are from outside Karnataka.

Unlike in most other metropolises, the bulk of migrants from other states — 61% — over the past 5 years has moved from other urban areas, not from the countryside. Even historically, Bangalore has tended to attract a much higher proportion of people from urban regions (59%) compared to other major cities in the country.

Not surprisingly, neighbouring TN, AP and Kerala have contributed threefourths of all migrants from outside Karnataka, though their share has declined in the past decade to about twothirds. About 0.33 million people from Tamil Nadu make up a whopping 41% of the total migrant population, though again this state’s share over the past decade had dropped to 34%.

Outside these three states, Rajasthan has surprisingly contributed the maximum migrants: about 41,000. They view Bangalore as a favourable business destination, with 12% of them moving for the same purpose, by far the highest proportion of migrants from any state citing ‘business’ as the reason.
Immigration was maledominated, with 811 females per 1,000 males. In fact, it has only declined further in recent years, and was much lower at 768 in the decade 1991-2001. Maharashtra with a sex ratio of 977 was the only state with a near-equitable gender mix among migrants to Bangalore with TN (895) being the next in line.


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